Updated: Feb 10, 2020
The ageing process
As we age our skin undertakes many changes that are visible, such as: expression lines and wrinkles, dark spots, known as sun damage or age spots, and sagging skin. We may also be prone to other conditions such as increased sensitivity, broken capillaries, enlarged pores and bruising.
What is Collagen?
Collagen is the main structural protein that is found in the connective tissues of both humans and animals. Often referred to as your "structural network", collagen provides strength, integrity, and a cushion for skins daily movements. Collagen can be found in the dermis, also known as the second layer of the skin, and is naturally produced by the body.
What is Collagen made from?
Collagen is produced in the body and made up of amino acids such as: glycine, proline and hydroxyproline that are wound tightly together to form a complex triple helix
How is Collagen formed?
A collagen fiber starts with protocollagen single strands forming a procollagen triple helix, then a tropocollagen triple helix, which self-assembles into collagen microfibrils that, after enzymatic cross-linking, finally form the collagen fiber. Collagen fibers are a major component of the extracellular matrix (scaffold) that supports most tissues and provides cells structure from the outside.
What happens to Collagen when we age?
After the age of 20, we produce on average 1% percent less collagen in the dermis (deeper layers of the skin) each year. For most people collagen production tends to fall drastically by the age of 40. The dermis can lose from 20-80% of its thickness during the ageing process. This gradual loss of collagen in the body is one of the main causes of common signs of ageing, including: sagging skin, loss of hair, regular aches and pains in your joints.
How can Collagen levels be naturally increased?
There are a number of treatments available that are successful at increasing the skins natural production of Collagen. Micro-needling is one treatment has been proven to be safe and effective, with Fractional Mesotherapy (Micro-needling & Mesotherapy combined), being very popular and efficient in achieving positive results.
Having a consistent skincare routine at home can also play a significant part in maintaining skin health and slowing down the signs of ageing. Creams that contain peptides and growth factors are beneficial as they increase cell communication, including the fibroblast cell which pays a vital role in the production of collagen.